More Than 40

Why is it Important?

Cataract, Glaucoma,
Age-Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Leading cause of blindness worldwide

What is it?

Clouding of Crystalline Lens in the Eye

Risk Factors
  • > 40 year old (Possible to occur at any age)
  • Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
  • Systemic Diseases: Diabetic, Hypertiension, Obesity
  • Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications
  • High mhyopia
  • Previous eye surgery
Symptoms
  • Blurry vision (looking through)
  • Increased Glare
  • Desaturated Colours
Symptoms


What is it?

Damage to the optic nerve, due to high pressures in the eye

Risk Factors
  • > 60 year old (can occur at ANY age)
  • High Intraocular pressure
  • Extremely high myopia or hyperopia
  • Ethnicity: Asian, Hispanic, Black
  • Hereditary: Positive Family history of Glaucoma
  • Taking corticosteroids medication
Symptoms
  • Early stage are generally asymptomatic
  • Emergency: Eye Pain, Severe Headache, Nausea and Vomiting, Blurred Vision, Haloes around Lights, Eye Redness
  • Advanced stage: Tunnel Vision


What is it?

Loss of the center vision due to macula damage in the retina

Risk Factors
  • > 50 year old (can occur at ANY age)
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Positive Family History
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
Symptoms
  • Blurry central vision – that cannot be corrected with refractive lenses
  • Distorted Vision
  • Loss of Contrast Sensitivity
  • Shadows, missing areas, distorted vision
Learn More: Common Eye Conditions

What is it?

Clouding of Crystalline Lens in the Eye  
Risk Factors
  • > 40 year old (Possible to occur at any age)
  • Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure
  • Systemic Diseases: Diabetic, Hypertiension, Obesity
  • Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications
  • High mhyopia
  • Previous eye surgery
Symptoms
  • Blurry vision (looking through)
  • Increased Glare
  • Desaturated Colours
Symptoms

What is it?

Damage to the optic nerve, due to high pressures in the eye
Risk Factors
  • > 60 year old (can occur at ANY age)
  • High Intraocular pressure
  • Extremely high myopia or hyperopia
  • Ethnicity: Asian, Hispanic, Black
  • Hereditary: Positive Family history of Glaucoma
  • Taking corticosteroids medication
Symptoms
  • Early stage are generally asymptomatic
  • Emergency: Eye Pain, Severe Headache, Nausea and Vomiting, Blurred Vision, Haloes around Lights, Eye Redness
  • Advanced stage: Tunnel Vision
 

What is it?

Loss of the center vision due to macula damage in the retina  
Risk Factors
  • > 50 year old (can occur at ANY age)
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Positive Family History
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
Symptoms
  • Blurry central vision – that cannot be corrected with refractive lenses
  • Distorted Vision
  • Loss of Contrast Sensitivity
  • Shadows, missing areas, distorted vision
Learn More: Common Eye Conditions

Tests Involved

  • Health history and Visual requirements
  • Color vision
  • Amsler Grid Test
  • Topography*
  • Tear Film Analysis
  • Refraction
  • Intraocular Pressure (non-contact)
  • External and Internal Ocular Exam
  • Binocular co-ordination
  • Peripheral visual field analysis
  • Pachymetry
  • Presbyopia Management
  • Specular Microscopy*
  • Pentacam Crystalline Lens Scanning*
  • OptoMap Ultra-wide Field Retinal Imaging*
  • Optical Coherence Tomography*
  • EIDON Fundus Imaging*
  • Management Plan

*only if necessary